佛山成人英语培训机构,佛山成人英语培训学校
佛山成人英语培训机构,佛山成人英语培训学校

佛山成人英语培训机构,佛山成人英语培训学校
佛山成人英语培训机构,佛山成人英语培训学校
佛山成人英语培训机构,佛山成人英语培训学校
佛山成人英语培训机构,佛山成人英语培训学校


  About the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)

关于欧洲语言共同参考框架
 

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, abbreviated as CEFR, is a guideline used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across Europe and, increasingly, in other countries. It was put together by the Council of Europe as the main part of the project "Language Learning for European Citizenship" between 1989 and 1996. Its main aim is to provide a method of assessing and teaching which applies to all languages in Europe. In November 2001 a European Union Council Resolution recommended using the CEFR to set up systems of validation of language ability. The six reference levels are becoming widely accepted as the European standard for grading an individual's language proficiency.

欧洲语言学习、教学、评估共同参考架构简称CEFR是一套欧洲用来描述语言学习者成就的指导标准,并逐渐在其他国家广泛使用。它在1989年至1996年期间作为“欧洲公民语言学习”计划的主要部分由欧洲委员会提出,其主要目的用于提供一个对于欧洲所有语言评估和教学的方法。在2001年9月,欧盟委员会推荐使CEFR建立语言能力认证体系。其六个参考等级水平正在作为评估个人语言能力的欧洲标准广为接受。

  What exams are on the CEFR?
CEFR相关等级对应的考试有哪些?
 

The CEFR describes language ability on a scale of levels from A1 for beginners up to C2 for those who have mastered a language. This makes it easy for anyone involved in language teaching and testing, such as teachers or learners, to see the level of different qualifications. It also means that employers and educational institutions can easily compare our qualifications to other exams in their country. 

The diagram below shows all of our English exams on the CEFR.

 

佛山成人英语培训机构,佛山成人英语培训学校

C2
Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. Can summarise information from
different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating
finer shades of meaning even in more complex situations.


能轻松理解几乎所有读和听的内容。能连贯地概述各类口、笔语信息,不漏内容及其论据。
表达自如、精确、流畅。能把握复杂主题中细微的含意差别。
C1

Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. Can
express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can
produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.

能理解广泛长度的高难度长篇文章,并能抓住文中的隐含之意。表达自如、流畅,几乎无需
费心遣词造句。在其社会、职业或学术生活中,能有效、灵活运用语言。对复杂主题表述清
楚,结构合理,表现出对篇章的组织、衔接和逻辑用词方面的驾驭能力。

B2

Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including
technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation. Can interact with a degree of fluency and
spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for
either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint
on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.

能理解一篇复杂文章中的具体或抽象主题基本内容,包括学习者专业领域的技术性讨论课
题。能比较自如流利地跟讲本族语的人进行交际,双方都不感到紧张。能清楚、详细地谈
论 广泛领域的话题,能就时事发表自己的观点,并能对各种可能性陈述其利弊。

B1

Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered
in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an
area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on topics which are
familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions
and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.

对工作中、学校里和休闲时遇到的熟悉事物,能理解别人用清楚和标准的语言讲话的要点。
在 目的语国家和地区旅游时,能用所学语言应对碰到的大部分情况。能就一些熟悉的主题
和自己感兴趣的领域发表简单而有逻辑的看法。能叙述一起事件、一次经历或者一个梦。
能介绍自己的期待和目的,并能对计划和想法做简单的解释 和说明。

A2

Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate
relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment).
Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information
on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background,
immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.

能理解最切身相关领域的单独句子和常用词语,如简单的个人与家庭信息、购物、四周环
境、工作等。能就自己熟悉或惯常的生活 话题完成简单而直接的交流。能用简单的词语讲
述自己的教育经历、周边环境以及切身的需求。

A1

Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the
satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and
answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and
things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly
and is prepared to help.

能理解并使用熟悉的日常表达法和一些非常简单的句子,满足具体的需求。会自我介绍和
介绍他人,并能向他人提问,例如:住在哪里、认识什么人、有些什么东西等等,也能就同
样的问题作答。在对话人语速慢、口齿清楚并且愿意合作的情况下,能与之进行简单的交谈。


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